Africa is one of the largest continents on Earth, covering an area of 30.2 million km². The continent is made up of 54 countries and has a population of approximately 1.3 billion people, which accounts for around 16% of the world's population.
Africa is a place where many different civilizations and empires have emerged throughout its various periods of history. The Egyptian civilization, the Roman Empire, the African Kingdom, and many others were born on this continent. Africa's history has also witnessed many challenging periods such as the slave trade, colonialism, discrimination, and political instability. However, the continent is known for its strong cultural heritage and natural resources.
Africa is one of the most biologically diverse places on Earth. It is home to many different ecosystems such as baobab, closed forests, savannas, and coastal forests. The continent's wildlife includes many different species such as elephants, lions, leopards, zebras, antelopes, and various primates.
The geographical location of Africa has provided access to various natural resources. Many valuable minerals such as gold, diamonds, oil, coal, and uranium are found on this continent. Africa has around 60% of the world's agricultural land, and its tropical climate allows the cultivation of many different crops such as wheat, maize, rice, coffee, cocoa, tea, cotton, and fruits.
Many different languages are spoken in Africa, but languages such as English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Arabic, and Swahili are recognized as official languages in most countries. The continent is also known for its rich cultural heritage and art. Crafts, dance, music, sculpture, and other art forms are an important part of African culture.